What I told Senate on Bayelsa, Kogi governorship elections —Yakubu
Chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), Professor Mahmood Yakubu, last Wednesday, briefed the chairman of the Senate Committee on INEC, Senator Kabiru Gaya, on the preparation of the electoral umpire for the Bayelsa and Kogi governorship elections, scheduled for 16 November, 2019.
Proposed amendment to the electoral legal framework
You will recall that when Certificates of Return were formally presented to members-elect of the National Assembly at the International Conference Centre, Abuja after the 2019 general election, it was one of the issues that I raised. I said that there is a lot of work to do, but very little time available for doing the job, considering the fact that from now to the 2023 general election, it just a little over 1,240 days. So, the election is not too far away.
I want to thank the committee also for restating your commitment to the welfare of INEC staff. We are committed to that and we will make specific proposals when we submit our 2020 budget proposals before the end of this month. I am sure our staff will be very happy to hear this that you have put smiles on the faces of all the staff of the commission. Thirdly, we look forward in the same spirit to working very closely with you for all the reasons that you have mentioned.
In the letter of invitation of this distinguished committee, you requested us to brief you on the preparations for the two governorship elections in Kogi and Bayelsa states. The elections are in the category of end-of-tenure off season elections conducted by the commission. From this year until very close to the next general election, there will be governorship elections every year in Nigeria. In 2019, we have Kogi and Bayelsa; next year 2020, we have Edo and Ondo governorship elections. Thereafter in 2021, we have the Anambra governorship election and in 2022, we have Ekiti and Osun governorship elections. So, this is the first in the major off-season governorship elections that the commission is going to conduct.
Electoral data for Bayelsa and Kogi states
What are the specific details of the electoral data for these two states? In terms of the number of local governments, Bayelsa has eight local government areas. Kogi has 21. Bayelsa has 105 electoral wards, Kogi has 239. For the polling units, including the voting points, Bayelsa has 2,244 polling units and voting points, while Kogi has 3508. In terms of the registered voters, Bayelsa has 923,182 registered voters, whereas Kogi has 1,646,350 registered voters. Since 2015, it has been the practice that where citizens have no PVCs (Permanent Voter Cards) they can’t vote. So, what is the rate of collection of PVCs in the two states?
Permanent Voter Cards (PVCs)
In Bayelsa, 889,308 PVCs have been collected, representing 96.3 per cent of the total number of registered voters. In Kogi, 1, 485,828 PVCs have been collected representing 90.2 per cent. What about the uncollected PVCs? In Bayelsa it is 33, 874, representing 3.7 per cent of the total number of registered voters. Whereas in Kogi it is 160, 522, representing 9.8 per cent of the total number of registered voters.
We’ll require lot of ad-hoc staff to conduct the elections in the two states. In Bayelsa, we’ll require 9,945 ad-hoc staff. In Kogi, we’ll require 15,868 ad-hoc staff. In all, for the two states, the commission will require about 26,000 ad-hoc staff to conduct the elections. But in addition to the governorship elections, we also have other elections, essentially bye-elections. We have already since the 2019 general election conducted one bye-election into the Pengana State Constituency in Plateau State, caused by the death of the member representing that constituency. In addition, we have another bye-election pending in Katsina, in the Sabwa State Constituency. The Speaker of the (Katsina) state House of Assembly has already declared vacancy, so we are preparing for the bye election.
But in addition to the governorship election in Bayelsa State, there is also the pending supplementary election into the Brass II State Constituency in six polling units. We planned and prepared to conduct the election shortly after the general election, but for the protracted legal battle that went up to the Supreme Court. It is only recently that the Supreme Court determined the case. So, we are going back to conduct that election in six polling units and make a declaration for the Brass II State Constituency. We are going to combine it with the governorship election.
Party primaries and nomination of candidates
We have 92 political parties today. We had 91 going into the 2019 general election but since the elections, the courts have ordered the commission to register another political party. Some of the (existing) parties were actually registered by court order. The constitutional provision for registration of parties is very clear. But in addition, the Electoral Act 2010 says that if an association doesn’t hear from INEC within one month, it is deemed to be registered. INEC has a record of obeying court orders. So, we have 92 political parties.
For the Kogi and Bayelsa governorship elections, parties conducted their primaries and we monitored them. But only 52 parties nominated candidates for the Bayelsa governorship election, while 49 did in Kogi, making a total of 101 parties for the two elections. However out of the 101 parties, only 46 in Bayelsa and 41 in Kogi, making a total of 87, made valid nominations. In other words, the nominations complied with the constitutional requirements for qualification for election into the office of governor. These requirements are: The candidate has to be a Nigerian citizen by birth; he or she has to be 35 years of age minimal; he or she must be sponsored by a political party-we have no independent candidacy; and the candidate must be educated to school certificate level.
They completed the Form 001 and prima facie, on the documents that they submitted on oath that some of them did not meet the constitutional requirements for contesting for election into the office of governor. Some were 30 years, 31, 34 and in one exceptional case, even a 27-year-old was nominated by one of the political parties. So, we said that the nominations were invalid. Here, I think it is important to make the clarification. The commission did not reject or disqualify (any candidate) because there is nothing to reject or disqualify. In our opinion, once the constitutional requirement is not met, we can’t see an individual who has not met the constitutional requirement for age contesting.
For this category of invalid nominations, six parties were involved in Bayelsa and eight in Kogi, making a total of 14 parties. Out 101 parties, 87 have made valid nominations. We have no problem with them. But 14 parties submitted invalid nominations and we informed them accordingly. But out of the 87 parties that made valid nominations, one party in Bayelsa withdrew from the election during the period for withdrawal and substitution of candidates and in Kogi, 18 political parties withdrew, making a total of 19 for the two states.
After all the expenditure and monitoring of the party primaries and based on the provisions of the law, they then decided to withdraw from the elections. It is entirely legitimate for them to withdraw. And they gave quite a number of reasons, ranging from lack of financial capacity to prosecute the election. Some said family advice on the fear of violence; one said ill-health, another said travel arrangements and another said there is a slim chance that his party will win the election. In all, we have 45 parties contesting in Bayelsa and 23 in Kogi, making a total of 68. But three of the 14 parties that made invalid nominations have dragged the commission to court. I can’t comment on the merit of these cases in court.
On budget, where are we? Do we have the resources for the elections in Kogi and Bayelsa? Yes, we made provision in the 2019 regular budget for the two governorship elections. We have also made provision for some unforeseen off-season elections, like the Pengana State Constituency election, caused by death and the pending bye-election in Katsina, again, caused by death. We have also made provision for recall and referendum. And yesterday (8 October), we received a letter from one of the states asking for the register of voters to initiate a recall of one of the members of the National Assembly. So, there is already a request for initiating recall. We made provision in the regular 2019 budget for this kind of situation and we are well within budget.
Implementation of scheduled activities
For the two elections, there are 14 activities that the commission has to implement, from the publication of the Notice of Election to the election day proper. So far, we have successfully accomplished nine out of the 14 activities. The 10th activity which is the presentation of the register of voters to political parties is going to take place on Monday [yesterday] in our offices in both Bayelsa and Kogi states. The remaining four activities will be accomplished between the 2nd and 16, November. So, in terms of the goals we set for ourselves, we are well on course.
The commission is aware that the two states are difficult in terms of terrain. Arrangements are being concluded with the National Union of Road Transport Workers (NURTW) for land transport, based on the existing Memorandum of Understanding between the commission and the NURTW. In Bayelsa, because five out of the eight local governments are riverine, we have also made arrangements with boat owners.
All non-sensitive materials for the elections for the two states have been delivered and they (our staff) are batching the materials by local governments, by registration areas and ultimately down to the level of polling units. As always, the Smart Card Readers (SCRs) will be deployed for the election for the purpose of voter accreditation and we have made arrangements for the configuration and deployment of the SCRs. The manual register will be printed. One will be pasted at the polling units, the other one will be held by the presiding officer and that is the one that will be ticked off on election day. We are well on course also on the production of the register.
I said earlier that we require about 26,000 ad-hoc staff. It is not just about recruiting the ad-hoc staff, but also training them. We have commenced the process of recruitment of ad-hoc staff and training them–those that are going to perform the tasks at the polling units, mainly drawn from the NYSC. Already, we have concluded the master training, the train-the-trainer programme for security personnel and we have also conducted the refresher training for electoral officers and assistant electoral officers for the two states.
Both Kogi and Bayelsa are politically volatile. And we have seen the kind of situation that arose during the conduct of primaries by political parties and one or two incidents in Kogi with the commencement of campaigns by political parties. We have the Inter-Agency Consultative Committee on Election Security (ICCES) which I co-chair with the National Security Adviser (NSA). The police are the lead agency but all other security agencies are also involved. Yesterday (last Tuesday), we had a consultative meeting with the Inspector General of Police and we are working on the deployment jointly with the security agencies for the security personnel needed for the two elections.
We conducted our own risk assessment for the two states and we share what we do with the security agencies that also conduct their own risk assessment on the basis of which the security agencies will be guided in their deployment. We’ll soon finalise on the deployment plan jointly with the security agencies, including the escort of personnel and materials as well as the protection of the processes throughout the period of the elections. In a place like Bayelsa, we not only hire boats, we also work with the security agencies – the Marine Police, the Navy and the Army- to have gun-boats to escort the boats carrying personnel and materials for the election and we are working with the security agencies in that respect.
Given the security situation in the two states, we realised that we have to be more proactive in our engagements with all the stakeholders at state level since this is the first major election after the 2019 general election and learning lessons from what happened in the elections. We have taken the extra-ordinary step to start engaging with the stakeholders long before the elections.