Question & answer session about drug abuse

I will be responding to several questions from readers, all of which revolve around substance use. So here we go.


Please, I have an uncle who takes alcohol almost daily, but he is never drunk and he is functioning well at work (he is a banker). But his wife does not like it (she thinks he is increasingly drinking too much) and the rest of the family is also worried. He insists that he does not have any problem and that he is just enjoying his life. Should we be worried or not?

Thank you, but before I can confidently say whether you should be worried or not, it would be nice to have an idea of the quantity of alcohol he consumes daily/weekly. Professionally speaking, mere drinking of alcohol is not a sign or symptom of a mental health problem.

If your uncle takes one bottle or half a bottle daily and he is not having any problems at work, home or with respect to his physical health, then he may just be fine.

However, I suspect that with the wife’s description of an increasing pattern of drinking over time, and the family concerns, that there may actually be a need for an evaluation with a mental health professional. Please look for a nice way of convincing him to see someone for a chat about his alcohol consumption.

Is alcohol drinking (red wine) drug abuse? Most people like me, only take alcohol to have fun and relax, we don’t have a mental health problem please. So, don’t label all alcohol use as drug abuse.

Thank you and apologies if I was unclear previously in my articles. Please, see my response above. It is only where a pattern of alcohol consumption is beginning to cause problems, such as drinking in risky circumstances, for example as a driver (hazardous use); or a pattern of drinking that is causing damage to the body e.g. liver (harmful use); or when it gets to the level that the individual can no longer function without alcohol (dependence) – it is at these levels that it becomes a problem for us to medically worry about.

Having explained as above, I should quickly add that alcohol is potentially a very dangerous drug; even though it is socially acceptable and legally available to all adults.

It can potentially cause physical damage to the liver and other organs, contributes to high rates of road traffic accidents and is a source of social and economic difficulties for many individuals. It is best to drink responsibly. Or better still, avoid it if you can.


I have a room-mate in the female hostel (name of school with-held) who has a habit of drinking several bottles of cough syrup with codeine. She usually pours them into her flask with chilled coke and constantly sips from the flask all day long. She says it makes her feel cool and happy.

She and her friends all enjoy drinking it and they have invited me a few times to join them but I am hesitant. But on the other hand, I keep wondering though, that it looks harmless, since it is not like taking hard drugs such as cannabis or alcohol, right? Is it safe to take cough syrups?

Congratulations for being hesitant and for not joining your friends just yet. It is certainly not a safe habit. The cough syrups contain codeine, which is an opiate….the same chemical class as heroin.

If you start taking it, your body will gradually adjust and you will no longer feel as cool as when you first started taking it. And so, you will need to keep increasing the dose, in order to feel cool and high. You may then ‘graduate’ to taking stronger drugs – until you lose control. Or develop psychosis. Don’t do it.


I read on the internet that in some places in the USA, cannabis is now being used for medical purposes. It is also legal in the Netherlands. So, does that mean I can continue smoking cannabis, since it is good for my health?

Cannabis has some useful and beneficial effects but the side effects outweigh the benefits. There are very strong links between cannabis use and psychosis for example. So, the beneficial effects do not necessarily translate into a recommendation for us all to start smoking cannabis.

Some people take it just once and their brain malfunctions and they develop psychosis. Considering the scientific evidence linking cannabis with psychosis, I cannot in all honesty, recommend recreational use of cannabis.


Conclusion: Prevention of drug use and abuse is ALWAYS better than seeking cure. Do not indulge, but rather seek for other ways to feel good with yourself – such as engagement in sports.