Natural Health – Tribune Online https://tribuneonlineng.com Breaking News in Nigeria Today Wed, 12 Jun 2019 18:26:32 +0000 en-GB hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.2.1 https://tribuneonlineng.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/logo.jpg Natural Health – Tribune Online https://tribuneonlineng.com 32 32 118125416 Eating dates makes labour easier, faster —Scientists https://tribuneonlineng.com/218192/ Thu, 13 Jun 2019 02:23:59 +0000 https://tribuneonlineng.com/?p=218192 Tribune Online
Eating dates makes labour easier, faster —Scientists

date

When it comes to childbirth, there is evidence that something as simple as eating date fruits during pregnancy can also help. Its consumption can make labour and delivery easy, short, and healthy. Researchers in separate studies suggest that eating date fruits during pregnancy can help ensure an easier labour and birth. All these studies have […]

Eating dates makes labour easier, faster —Scientists
Tribune Online

]]>
Tribune Online
Eating dates makes labour easier, faster —Scientists

date

When it comes to childbirth, there is evidence that something as simple as eating date fruits during pregnancy can also help. Its consumption can make labour and delivery easy, short, and healthy.

Researchers in separate studies suggest that eating date fruits during pregnancy can help ensure an easier labour and birth. All these studies have fairly consistent results.

In one of the studies, women who ate six date fruits a day for the four weeks leading up to their due date had a 77 per cent shorter first stage of labour.

The study, conducted in 2011 and published in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, compared 69 women who consumed six date fruits per day prior to their estimated date of delivery to 45 women who consumed none.

In fact, those who consumed dates had an average of 8.5 hours of first stage labour while those who didn’t have an average 15.1 hours of first stage labour.

The women who ate dates were dilated an average of 3.5 cm upon admission, compared to 2 cm in those who didn’t. In addition, 96 per cent of the women who consumed dates went into spontaneous labour and did not have to be induced compared to only 79 per cent of those who didn’t.

Only a small percentage of women who consumed dates needed prostin/oxytocin (28 per cent) compared to those who didn’t consume dates (47 per cent). Also, a smaller percentage of women who consumed dates had their membranes rupture in early labour (17per cent) compared to those who didn’t (40 per cent).

The authors of the study concluded that “the consumption of date fruit in the last four weeks before labour significantly reduced the need for induction and augmentation of labour, and produced a more favourable, but non-significant, delivery outcome.”

Another study in 2014 published in the Journal of Midwifery & Reproductive Health that looked at date consumption in late pregnancy as it relates to cervical ripening found that date fruit caused more effective contractions and better prepared the cervix for delivery.

The clinical trial conducted at Omolbanin Hospital, Mashhad, Iran and performed on 210 women found that women who ate 70 to 75 grammes of dates per day after 37 weeks of pregnancy had 43 per cent lower rates of cesarean section.

Cervical ripening before the onset of labour is an important factor for the prediction of delivery mode. Increased cervical ripeness increases the likelihood of vaginal delivery and decreases the rate of cesarean section

The experimental group consumed date fruit (70 to 75 gr per day) until the onset of labour pain and the control group received routine care.

Mean cervical dilatation was higher in women consuming date fruit, compared to the non-consuming group. Also, date eaters were found to be 55 per cent less likely to use oxytocin to induce labour and 68 per cent more likely to have a successful vaginal delivery after labour induction.

Another study published in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology which supported all the initial findings concluded that dates consumption during late pregnancy has been shown to positively affect the outcome of labour and delivery without adverse effect on the mother and child.

In this 2017 study, dates consumption reduced the need for labour augmentation with oxytocin but did not expedite the onset of labour.

According to the findings, the researchers suggested that dates consumption in late pregnancy is a safe supplement to be considered as it reduces the need for labour intervention without any adverse effect on the mother and child.

Previously, other researchers demonstrated that date fruit reduces the amount of bleeding compared to oxytocin in the first hour following placental delivery, due to the presence of compounds in date fruit that mimicks the action of oxytocin. This makes date a suitable alternative for oxytocin.

It was also found that the consumption of date fruit increases the pain threshold, helps strengthen the muscles of the womb as well as prepares the womb for the child delivery.

There are numerous varieties of date fruits such as red, black, soft, dry, and more, sold worldwide. Date fruits are highly nutritious as they are high in proteins, fibre and vitamins, which are essential for pregnant women. As dates are rich sources of fibre, they keep the digestive system healthy and treat pregnancy-related constipation.

The iron content reduces bad cholesterol and thus reduces the risk of cardiovascular issues. Dates are a good source of folate. Folate prevents birth defects related to the brain and spinal cord.

Eating dates makes labour easier, faster —Scientists
Tribune Online

]]>
218192
Pumpkin seed relieves symptoms of prostate enlargement —Study https://tribuneonlineng.com/216820/ Thu, 06 Jun 2019 07:39:18 +0000 https://tribuneonlineng.com/?p=216820 Tribune Online
Pumpkin seed relieves symptoms of prostate enlargement —Study

Pumpkin seed

Waking up several times at night to use the bathroom, an urge to run to the toilet all the time or a feeling of not being able to hold it in for long are all common experiences for the millions of men affected by lower urinary tract symptoms. Lower urinary tract symptoms can affect and […]

Pumpkin seed relieves symptoms of prostate enlargement —Study
Tribune Online

]]>
Tribune Online
Pumpkin seed relieves symptoms of prostate enlargement —Study

Pumpkin seed

Waking up several times at night to use the bathroom, an urge to run to the toilet all the time or a feeling of not being able to hold it in for long are all common experiences for the millions of men affected by lower urinary tract symptoms.

Lower urinary tract symptoms can affect and reduce the quality of life and are associated with various health conditions, including depression. It refers to the symptoms of problems in the lower urinary tract, including the bladder, prostate and urethra.

Urinary frequency, which is a well-known symptom of lower urinary tract problems, becomes more common with age, during the day and over the night, with nearly a half of the people over the age of 60 waking up more than once during the night to urinate due to conditions such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostatitis.

Another lady, 22-year-old Oluwakemi Soyebo, declared missing in Lagos

BPH is an age-related condition in men in which the prostate gland is enlarged. According to the Urology Care Foundation, BPH is the most common prostate problem in men over the age of 50, affecting every second man between the ages of 51 and 60 and up to 90 per cent of those over the age of 80.

Medicinal plants have traditionally been used to support urinary tract symptoms. Clinical researchers demonstrate an increasing benefit from the use of phytomedicine therapies, without the side effects associated with medical therapy.

A new study from the University of Graz, Austria showed supplementation with pumpkin seed extract could help relieve the symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).

The study found that 500 mg daily supplementation with the pumpkin seed extract supplement significantly reduced every BPH related symptom after four weeks of intake. They took it before going to bed for three months.

In the study, 58 male subjects between the ages of 50 and 75 suffering from symptoms of BPH for at least six months before screening were given 500 mg of pumpkin seed extract daily for three months. They were monitored every four weeks.

At baseline 76.8 per cent of subjects showed moderate symptoms while 23.2 per cent showed severe symptoms. Results showed that there was a highly significant reduction of symptoms after 12 weeks of intervention with the pumpkin seed extract.

The results showed that 35.7 per cent of men reported an improvement of symptoms from ‘moderate’ or ‘severe’ to ‘mild’ and nocturia and post-void residual urine volume was significantly reduced.

The researchers in the Journal of Medicinal Food said the results may have implications for the way mild to moderate cases are treated in the future.

According to them, “pumpkin seed extract seems to be a very well tolerable, appropriate plant extract to support health benefits in collective suffering from BPH related symptoms without the need for medical treatment.”

Before now, there is some evidence and traditional recognition for pumpkin seed extract and other plants like pineapple and bitter kola in improving urinary symptoms.

A survey identified 31 plants, including recipes, used in the treatment of benign prostate enlargement in Ijebu – North Local Government Area, Ogun State.

This survey that involved a total of 150 respondents, including herb sellers, traditional healers, herbalists, patients, and other individuals with deep knowledge about BPH was published in the 2018 edition of PHYTOLOGIA BALCANICA.

List of plant species used for the traditional management of BPH included Abrus precatorius (Oju ologbo); Adenopus breviflorus (Tagiri); alligator Pepper (Atare); pineapple; bamboo leaves; giant milkweed (Bomubomu); chilli pepper; pawpaw; African star apple (Agbalumo); lime; coconut; kola nut; sandpaper leaf (Epin) and bitter kola.

Others are Grewia pubescens (Afoforo); Heliotropium indicum (Ogberi-akuko); Ipomoea involucrate (Alukerese); Jatropha curcas (physic nut, Botuje or lapalapa); Jatropha gossypiifolia (wild cassava or Botuje pupa); Musanga cecreopioides (umbrella tree or Aga); Opuntia dillenii (prickly pear or Oro agogo); leaves of Portulaca oleraceae (Esinsan-Omode) and sugarcane.

It also includes Securidaca longepedunculata (violet tree or Ipeta); Senna alata (candle bush or Asurun oyinbo); Senna podocarpa (Asurun ijebu); Sida acuta (broomweed or Isekotu); leaves of Spondias mombin (hog plum or Iyeye); Uvaria chamae (Eruju); bitter leaf; and Xylopia aethiopica (Ethiopian pepper or Eeru).

The various recipes were also documented. Leaves of bamboo, unripe pineapple, leaves of Spondias mombin and leaves of Portulaca oleraceae are put together in a pot, trona (kaun –Yoruba) is also added and the mixture is then boiled with water for about 35 minutes. Half a glass is to be taken once daily.

The second recipe involved grinding dried seed of bitter kola into powder and mixing it with the latex from Opuntia dillenii. This is moulded into pills and air-dried. One pill is to be taken once in five days.

Pumpkin seed relieves symptoms of prostate enlargement —Study
Tribune Online

]]>
216820
African walnut, beetroot protect against salt-induced hypertension —Scientists https://tribuneonlineng.com/215488/ Thu, 30 May 2019 16:39:48 +0000 https://tribuneonlineng.com/?p=215488 Tribune Online
African walnut, beetroot protect against salt-induced hypertension —Scientists

High blood pressure is a symptomless “silent killer” that quietly damages blood vessels and leads to serious health problems. While there is no cure, making small changes like daily intake of African walnuts can make a difference in lowering blood pressure. In a study, experts found that African walnuts possess a blood pressure-lowering effect in […]

African walnut, beetroot protect against salt-induced hypertension —Scientists
Tribune Online

]]>
Tribune Online
African walnut, beetroot protect against salt-induced hypertension —Scientists

High blood pressure is a symptomless “silent killer” that quietly damages blood vessels and leads to serious health problems. While there is no cure, making small changes like daily intake of African walnuts can make a difference in lowering blood pressure.

In a study, experts found that African walnuts possess a blood pressure-lowering effect in hypertensive rats. It caused a significant reduction in the systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and heart rate and blood cholesterol levels.

There was no significant difference in SBP, DBP, MAP, heart rate and body weights of experimental animals with salt-induced high blood pressure that was treated with water extract of African walnut and those treated with lisinopril, a conventional hypertensive medication.

This 2018 study, designed to investigate the potential of Africa walnuts as an antihypertensive agent on blood pressure, heart rate, lipid profile, and body weight was published in the American Journal of Hypertension Research.

A total of 30 male Wistar rats were used for this study. The rats were randomly divided into six groups of five rats each. Hypertension was induced in the rats except for the group one which served as the normotensive control group.

The rats induced with hypertension were treated with 70 mg/kg, 140 mg/kg, 210 mg/kg body weight of water extract of African walnut and lisinopril 5 mg/kg respectively for additional 21 days. Measurement of blood pressure and body weights were taken weekly during treatment while lipid profile was analyzed at the end of treatment.

To prepare the extract, the researchers boil the nuts for two hours and allowed to cool. The shells were removed and the white coloured nuts washed thoroughly. The nuts were grounded with an electric blender, macerated with water and filtered.

The researchers suggested that the significant decrease in blood pressure may be due to the action of flavonoids and saponins contained in the water extract of African walnut.

According to them, African walnuts have been proven effective for keeping the blood vessels that supply the heart flexible and reducing the damage caused by fatty food due to its high content of Omega-3 fatty acids, phytosterols and antioxidants.

The researchers, who said that the consumption of African walnuts should be encouraged, declared that there was the need to research on its possible preservation as the plant is seasonal.

Further studies, they said are required to ascertain the mechanism of action through which it also reduces blood pressure.

African walnut is known as Ukpa by Igbos, Awusa by Yoruba, and Gawudi bairi by Hausas. The plants is cultivated principally for the nuts, which are cooked and consumed as snacks. It has been proven to have nutritive, medicinal, agricultural and industrial values over the years.

In traditional Chinese medicine, African walnuts are said to tone kidneys, strengthen the back and knees, moisten the intestines and move stool.

African walnut is known to be rich in protein, fat, carbohydrate but low in fibre and ash content. The nut has also been found to be very good source of Vitamin A, B1, B2, B6, E, folate, potassium, sodium, manganese, copper, chloride, iron and ascorbic acid.

It also contains plant-based polyunsaturated fatty acids such as alpha-linolenic acid. Furthermore, these nuts contain Omega-3 essential fatty acids and since it cannot be manufactured within our bodies and must, therefore, be ingested.

Previously, researchers have revealed African walnut to be useful in ulcer treatment as well as in tackling male fertility by boosting sperm productions in testicles.

Chronic salt – loading has been reported to increase blood pressure in rats. But incorporating flavourful herbs and spices into a daily diet can also help to cut back on salt intake. Examples of herbs and spices to take include basil, cinnamon, ginger, thyme and garlic.

Garlic can help reduce hypertension by increasing the amount of nitric oxide in the body. Nitric oxide helps promote vasodilation, or the widening of arteries, to reduce blood pressure.

Eating fresh fruits and vegetables, which are rich in potassium, can help lower blood pressure. Such fruits and vegetables include leafy greens, tomatoes, potatoes and sweet potatoes, bananas, avocados and oranges.

Small amounts of beetroot or dietary nitrates added to salty foods may help to also protect against increases in blood pressure. Researchers in a study reported that beetroot juice and nitrate supplements were more than 100 times more potent than potassium in protecting salt-sensitive rats against blood pressure rises.

Writing in the journal Hypertension, scientists found that fortifying salty foods with “surprisingly small amounts” of nitrate-rich vegetable products prevented increases in blood pressure in male Dahl salt-sensitive rats.

They declared: “given that leafy green and root vegetables contain large amounts of inorganic nitrate, these findings raise the possibility that fortification of salty food products with small amounts of a nitrate-rich vegetable concentrate may provide a simple method for reducing the risk for salt-induced hypertension.”

African walnut, beetroot protect against salt-induced hypertension —Scientists
Tribune Online

]]>
215488
Why snail slime works for diabetes —Experts https://tribuneonlineng.com/213770/ Thu, 23 May 2019 02:56:02 +0000 https://tribuneonlineng.com/?p=213770 Tribune Online
Why snail slime works for diabetes —Experts

Costus afer snail

For long, researchers have known that some herbal remedies for diabetes which reduce blood glucose levels are similar to synthetic diabetes medications like metformin and sulfonylurea. Now experts in a study said that Costus afer and African snail slime are herbal anti-diabetic remedies that can be used for the purpose of treatment, control and management […]

Why snail slime works for diabetes —Experts
Tribune Online

]]>
Tribune Online
Why snail slime works for diabetes —Experts

Costus afer snail

For long, researchers have known that some herbal remedies for diabetes which reduce blood glucose levels are similar to synthetic diabetes medications like metformin and sulfonylurea.

Now experts in a study said that Costus afer and African snail slime are herbal anti-diabetic remedies that can be used for the purpose of treatment, control and management of varieties of diabetes.

The investigations carried out to determine the long term effects of Costus afer leaf methanol extract, snail slime and the combined Costus afer and snail slime extracts on blood glucose levels of alloxan-induced diabetic Swiss albino rats were done at the University of Jos.

The rats that showed diabetic and healthy were randomly selected and distributed into nine groups of five animals each. Animals in the different groups received either distilled water, left untreated or graded doses of the extracts and standard diabetes drug (Glibenclamide). The extract was administered for a period of 21 days.

Costus afer is traditionally well known for its blood sugar-lowering effect and insulin-secretory activity.  It is commonly called Ginger lily or Bush cane in English. The Igbo people call it “Okpete” or “Okpoto”, whereas the Hausa of northern Nigeria and Yoruba of Western Nigeria refer it as “Kakizawa” and “Tete-egun” respectively.

Ginger lily is used in folk medicine and phytomedicine for the treatment and management of a variety of human ailments, like diabetes mellitus and abdominal problems.

In Nigeria, the Hausa tribe calls African giant snail Dodon Kodiin Hausa, while the Igbo community and Yorubas call it Ejula and Igbin respectively.

Snail has a lot of slimy substances known as snail slime which it drops along its path as it moves. It also uses this slime to regenerate its shell and skin when damaged.

From the study, the snail slime showed positive effect on blood glucose-lowering level but less effective when compared with a similar dose of the Costus afer leaf methanol extract.

The study indicated that there was 103 mg/dL and 87 mg/dL blood glucose reduction for the low dose of Costus afer and Snail slime respectively while the standard hypoglycemic drug (Glibenclamide, 5 mg/kg) used for comparison yielded a blood glucose level reduction of 103 mg/dL.

Similarly, the high dose used in the study gave a blood glucose reduction of 99 mg/dL and 95 mg/dL for Costus afer leaf methanol extract and snail slime respectively.

The results obtained when alloxan induced rats were treated with C. afer leaf methanol extract, Snail slime extract, and combined C. afer and snail slime extracts showed a dose-dependent fashion and without any significant side effect.

This 2018 study to investigate the anti-diabetic potential of bioactive crude Costus afer methanol leaf extract, giant African land snail slime and their combination was published in the Open Journal of Medicinal Chemistry.

The researchers said that this regenerative capacity of snail slime and the fact that diabetes is characterised by damage of the pancreatic beta cells may give credit to the blood sugar-lowering (hypoglycaemic) effect observed in Costus afer methanol leaf extract and snail slime for possible drug formulation for anti-diabetic remedy.

They added that the result supports the views of other researchers that some herbal anti-diabetic remedies which reduce blood glucose levels were similar to those of synthetic oral hypoglycemic drugs like metformin and sulfonylurea.

Moreover, based on the discovered therapeutic potential prior to, during and after the 19th century, plant medicines such as Gum Arabic, bitter melon, Bitter leaf, onion, garlic, okra, Aloe vera and Artemisia afra (African wormwood) has been used for the treatment of diabetes.

Diabetes is a widespread disorder affecting the blood sugar and insulin levels in the body. Managing the long-term consequences and complications of diabetes are as much of a challenge as the disease itself.

There are two main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is where the pancreas produces no insulin. Type 2 diabetes is more common. With type 2, the body either does not produce enough insulin or produces insulin that the body does not use properly.

Growing research, however, suggests that some herbs and supplements could be combined with more traditional methods to find relief from many type 2 diabetes symptoms.

The search for new antidiabetic therapies has become increasingly urgent due to the development of adverse effects and resistance by the chemically synthesized drugs on one hand and effectiveness with low cost of the plant materials on the other hand.

Why snail slime works for diabetes —Experts
Tribune Online

]]>
213770
Why replacing sugar with honey is an unhealthy choice https://tribuneonlineng.com/211942/ Thu, 16 May 2019 02:15:48 +0000 https://tribuneonlineng.com/?p=211942 Tribune Online
Why replacing sugar with honey is an unhealthy choice

honey

Regardless of the argument as to whether honey has many health benefits over table sugar, many consumers are being misled by claims about honey. Unfortunately, its consumers are also adding it in excessive quantities to food and drink in the mistaken belief that it is healthy. But swapping sugar for honey is not a healthy […]

Why replacing sugar with honey is an unhealthy choice
Tribune Online

]]>
Tribune Online
Why replacing sugar with honey is an unhealthy choice

honey

Regardless of the argument as to whether honey has many health benefits over table sugar, many consumers are being misled by claims about honey. Unfortunately, its consumers are also adding it in excessive quantities to food and drink in the mistaken belief that it is healthy.

But swapping sugar for honey is not a healthy diet choice. Analysis on 223 kinds of honey, sugars and syrups, all widely available in United Kingdom supermarkets, by Action on Sugar found that honey can be up to 86 per cent free sugars, while maple syrup can be made of 88 per cent free sugars.

It found that adding a 7gm teaspoon of honey to a cup of tea added about 6gm of free sugar, while adding a teaspoon of table sugar would add 4gm.  Also, a portion (15mls) of maple syrup added to porridge contained 13.1gm of total sugars, only a little less than 15gm of table sugar.

Honey, the sweet liquid produced by honeybees (Apis mellifera), is composed of about 40 per cent fructose, in contrast to the 50 per cent fructose in table sugar and between 40 and 90 per cent fructose in high-fructose corn syrup.

Although honey is often promoted as a healthier option to table sugar because it is natural, Mrs Taibat Oduneye, a dietitian at the University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, Oyo State, stated that its use in excess could have an adverse effect in the long run.

Mrs Oduneye said honey, like table sugar, is a form of carbohydrate, adding that its intake can also make blood sugar level to increase.

According to her, “Honey is safe to use, but an excess of it can have a bad effect on the body or blood glucose level, as is applicable to a diabetes patient. So, it is not something to be used freely. For diabetic patients, we do not encourage its use as an alternative to sugar, no matter how natural it may be.”

She declared that in Nigeria, a lot of adulterated or diluted honey is on sale, despite marketing gimmicks like people testing it with flame, checking if ants would hover around it or it will dissolve in water.

Mrs Oduneye stated that honey is not to be used freely or in excess but she recommended for a cup of tea, say about 250 mls, a teaspoon of honey or a tablespoon at the maximum.

Professor Soji Fasanmade, a consultant endocrinologist at the UCH, Ibadan, stated that many people assume honey a good alternative to sugar because the sucrose in honey is converted slowly to glucose.

However, Professor Fasanmade declared “I will not recommend honey as an alternative to sugar because when you do, people now take it in large amounts. And we should not encourage diabetes patients to take a lot of honey.

“If you want to take honey, maybe just in a little quantity to mildly sweeten the food. But they must remember that when taking honey, they are also taking sugar in an indirect way.

“Some people believe that honey has antioxidant properties, but research findings on it are not consistent. Antioxidants reduce oxidative stress in cells of the body, thus helping to protect these cells from damage.”

Professor Fasanmade added, “If you have to take honey, do not take more than half a teaspoon maximum three times a day. This small quantity of honey should not cause any problem.”

Although studies in animals show that honey raises blood sugar very slowly, the medical expert said this does not translate to this sweetener doing exactly the same in humans, particularly in diabetics.

Fasanmade stated: “When we induce diabetes in rats at our laboratory and we give them honey, it did not worsen their diabetes state, unlike when you give them food. That is why some people believe that honey is good.

“But it is unethical to induce diabetes in an individual just to substantiate this. For diabetes, so many factors like genetics and lifestyle need to be taken into consideration.

“But if you want to do such study in an animal, you can control all the other factors and just pick only one factor, but you cannot do that successfully in humans.”

Meanwhile, researchers’ investigation found that some products which are billed as containing honey actually have more table sugar in them. Too many calories from all types of sugars contribute to increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, various cancers, liver disease and tooth decay, all of which have devastating effects on health and wellbeing.

So, the notion that honey can be used as a sugar substitute in recipes is a fallacy since honey is sugar in itself and, therefore, is not technically a substitute for sugar.

Why replacing sugar with honey is an unhealthy choice
Tribune Online

]]>
211942
Why chewing sticks prevent tooth decay better than conventional toothpastes —Experts https://tribuneonlineng.com/210368/ Thu, 09 May 2019 05:52:51 +0000 https://tribuneonlineng.com/?p=210368 Tribune Online
Why chewing sticks prevent tooth decay better than conventional toothpastes —Experts

Though, the modern chemical-based toothpaste and mouthwash have been effective in combating germs that cause tooth decay, the major challenge is the resistance of these germs to some commonly used antibiotics and other antimicrobial chemicals. Now, experts have formulated a herbal toothpaste that can reduce, control and prevent various types of dental diseases from edible […]

Why chewing sticks prevent tooth decay better than conventional toothpastes —Experts
Tribune Online

]]>
Tribune Online
Why chewing sticks prevent tooth decay better than conventional toothpastes —Experts

Though, the modern chemical-based toothpaste and mouthwash have been effective in combating germs that cause tooth decay, the major challenge is the resistance of these germs to some commonly used antibiotics and other antimicrobial chemicals.

Now, experts have formulated a herbal toothpaste that can reduce, control and prevent various types of dental diseases from edible and medicinal plants. These are Syzygium aromaticum, Dennettia tripetala, and Jatropha curcas latex.

The researchers, who tested the extracts of these medicinal plants on disease causing germs, said the formulated kinds of toothpaste have better and significant antimicrobial effect when compared to commercial toothpaste.

The tested disease-causing organisms included Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mitis and Candida albicans that have been implicated in dental diseases.

Okorocha’s Certificate of Return: Court decides PDP’s fate Thursday

For the study, toothpastes of various compositions were formulated using the ethanolic extracts of pepper fruit seeds, buds of S. aromaticum with J. curcas latex as the active ingredients and other non-bioactive ingredients.

The 2019 study published in the AMB Express involved Olugbenga Oludayo Oluwasina; Ifunanya Vivian Ezenwosu; Clement Olusola Ogidi and Victor Olusegun Oyetayo.

Commercial antibiotics such as flucloxacillin and ketoconazole were used as positive control for bacteria and yeast respectively, while sterile distilled water was used as the negative control.

All the formulated kinds of toothpaste exhibited antimicrobial property against all the tested microorganisms. Formulated toothpaste with only S. aromaticum extract seems to be much more active among the three bioactive materials used for the formulation. But, commercially produced toothpaste without any herb product has no inhibition against tested microorganisms.

They, therefore, suggested that the chemical substances in these plant extracts and latex could be useful raw material in producing toothpaste that may reduce the occurrence of microbial pathogens associated with dental diseases.

According to them, the use of medicinal and edible plants for the formulation of toothpaste should be of interest in oral care products due to the presence of compounds that are capable of inhibiting the growth of microorganisms causing oral infection.

“The adoption of herbal toothpaste by consumers and dentists will safeguard the side effect of oral care products containing synthetic compounds and reduce the cost of treatment,” they stated.

Syzygium aromaticum is commonly called clove. It is used in preparing Nigerian pepper soup with meats and fishes. Dennettia tripetala is pepper fruit. Jatropha curcas has been used as a traditional toothbrush in some places and used for various trado-medicines.

Meanwhile, Nigerian researchers have also demonstrated that three local chewing sticks performed better than fluoride-based and conventional kinds of toothpaste in preventing tooth decay.

The study, published in British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research was entitled “A Study of the Anticaries Activity of Three Common Chewing Sticks and Two Brands of Toothpaste in South West Nigeria”.

It included Odeleye Olubola Florence; Okunye Olufemi Lionel; Kesi Christopher; and Abatan Temitope Olubunmi, all from the Faculty of Pharmacy, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State,

The researchers evaluated three common chewing sticks – Fagara zanthoxyloides, Vernonia amygdalina and Massularia accuminata- and two brands of toothpaste in southwest Nigeria for the ability to control caries-causing bacteria.

Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Fagara zanthoxyloides) is called orin ata in Yoruba. Veronica amygdaline commonly called bitter leaf. Commonly called Chewing stick, Massularia acuminata is called pako-ijebu, orin-ijebu in Yoruba and atu uhie in Igbo.

The results showed that the ethanol extracts of Fagara zanthoxyloides showed the highest anti-caries activity followed by Vernonia amygdalina (VA) and then Massularia acuminata (MA).

They concluded: “The chewing sticks used in this study showed good antimicrobial activity against the isolates and could provide better care than fluoride kinds of toothpaste. The active compounds if isolated would be good caries-controlling components of herbal kinds of toothpaste.

”The active constituents in the ethanol extracts of the chewing sticks will be useful as anti-caries components of herbal kinds of toothpaste which are becoming common in the market.”

The use of chewing stick is still being practised in some part of the world such as Africa, South Asia, an isolated area in America and Southern United State, owing to some unique characteristics such as foaminess, hardness and bitterness.

Some of these chewing sticks have been shown to possess varying degrees of antimicrobial activity against germs that cause dental diseases. This indicates, therefore, that the chewing sticks, in addition to providing mechanical stimulation of the gums, also destroy microbes, a feature which is absent in the common toothpaste and brush method. This advantage of the chewing sticks over the conventional toothpaste and brush could explain why many Africans have strong teeth.

Some African chewing sticks have also been reported to contain fluoride ions, silicon, tannic acid, sodium bicarbonate and other natural plaque-inhibiting substances that can reduce bacterial colonisation and plaque formation.

 

Why chewing sticks prevent tooth decay better than conventional toothpastes —Experts
Tribune Online

]]>
210368
Cashew leaf promises cure for urinary tract infections https://tribuneonlineng.com/208551/ Thu, 02 May 2019 05:39:50 +0000 https://tribuneonlineng.com/?p=208551 Tribune Online
Cashew leaf promises cure for urinary tract infections

Antibiotics can be lifesaving, but using them over a long period might raise the odds of heart disease and stroke in older women with respiratory infections, urinary tract infections and dental problems. Now, experts say that cashew leaf is a natural solution to urinary tract infections. In a new study, researchers found extracts of cashew […]

Cashew leaf promises cure for urinary tract infections
Tribune Online

]]>
Tribune Online
Cashew leaf promises cure for urinary tract infections

Antibiotics can be lifesaving, but using them over a long period might raise the odds of heart disease and stroke in older women with respiratory infections, urinary tract infections and dental problems. Now, experts say that cashew leaf is a natural solution to urinary tract infections.

In a new study, researchers found extracts of cashew leaf is able to kill germs that cause urinary tract infections like Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus.

Ethanol and water fraction of the extract respectively have the highest activity against Staphylococcus aureus, while Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae during the antibacterial screening.

Secondary school closed after students held wedding ceremonies among selves

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of the urinary system — the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract — the bladder and the urethra.

A bladder infection may cause pelvic pain, increased urge to urinate, pain with urination and blood in the urine. A kidney infection may cause back pain, nausea, vomiting and fever.

In a study to determine the prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in Okada, a rural community in Nigeria, women are at greater risk of developing a UTI than men.

This study also indicated that Escherichia coli was the most prevalent isolate generally. In females, while Staphylococcus aureus was the predominant isolate causing urinary tract infection in males.

The study reported that the resulting extracts were active against the entire three selected microorganisms. The extracts killed the Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae at 2.0, 1.0, 0.5, 0.25, and 0.125 g/l except Klebsiella pneumoniae at 0.125 g/l. However, the two extracts inhibited the growth of the entire three selected organisms at 0.0625 g/l.

The 2019 study in the Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research involved I. A. Hassan, I. Abdulraheem, H. O. Emun and O. M. Shonowo at the Lagos State Polytechnic, Ikorodu, Lagos State.

Based on the findings of this work, the researchers said the leaf extract of cashew tree dissolved in distilled water and ethanol with estimated concentration have good potential for the development of antibacterial drugs.

However, they said more research is needed to fully establish the usefulness of cashew tree to humanity as a source of drugs for the alleviation of illness caused by microorganisms so as to fully harness its potentials.

The cashew leaf and other plants are extensively used in traditional and Ayurvedic medicines for the treatment of various diseases such as malaria, asthma, diarrhoea, dysentery, leprosy, internal worm infections, constipation, wart and sore throat.

The shell of the cashew seed yields derivatives that can be used in many applications including lubricants, waterproofing, paints, and arms production, starting in World War II. The cashew pulp can be processed into a sweet fruit drink or distilled into liquor.

Previously, researchers suggested that UTIs can be affected by one’s diet. In fact, most researchers say diet directly making the pH of urine slightly acidic can be beneficial for fighting off a UTI.

Diet is important in treating urinary tract infection. It supports the body’s immune system, reduce irritation in the healing process and help the body shed bacteria

For instance, garlic is a potent remedy for urinary tract infections. It has a variety of antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory properties and immune-modulatory effects. Crush five to six cloves of fresh garlic. Soak them in warm water for five to 10 minutes and drink the water throughout the day.

Eating cucumber throughout the day will encourage urine production to flush out harmful bacteria from the bladder and urethra. Researchers in 2012 Journal of European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology said cucumber is a juicy fruit and its seeds have diuretic properties,

Studies have found that holding urine for a long time allows bacteria to multiply within the urinary tract, resulting in a urinary tract infection.

Eating fermented foods also helps to restore the body’s natural flora and recolonise the bladder with helpful bacteria. Some of the healthiest fermented foods include probiotic yoghurt and raw cheese.

Research published in the Indian Journal of Urology explains that benign bacterial flora is crucial for preventing the overgrowth of microorganisms that lead to illness.

Some lifestyle measures that may help, including drinking more water to flush out bacteria, or drinking green tea to ward off infection. Studies show that green tea can have an antimicrobial effect on E. coli bacteria that cause UTIs.

In addition, research shows that green tea contains certain antioxidants that can reduce bladder inflammation

Cashew leaf promises cure for urinary tract infections
Tribune Online

]]>
208551
Why eating pepper soup can boost libido https://tribuneonlineng.com/206559/ Thu, 25 Apr 2019 02:17:11 +0000 https://tribuneonlineng.com/?p=206559 Tribune Online
Why eating pepper soup can boost libido

scent leaf

Food and sex have a long, complicated history. For years people have talked about some foods that work on both psychosomatic and physiological levels. Supported in part by mythological beliefs and in part by actual science, pepper soup garnished with scent leaf can help boost sex drive. Researchers show that many condiments of pepper soup […]

Why eating pepper soup can boost libido
Tribune Online

]]>
Tribune Online
Why eating pepper soup can boost libido

scent leaf

Food and sex have a long, complicated history. For years people have talked about some foods that work on both psychosomatic and physiological levels. Supported in part by mythological beliefs and in part by actual science, pepper soup garnished with scent leaf can help boost sex drive.

Researchers show that many condiments of pepper soup such as scent leaf, nutmeg and African black pepper can significantly impact sex drive.

Extracts of these spices have been shown to enhance libido in animal trials, which offers promise for humans, too. In a new study, researchers said scent leaf reduces the key enzymes relevant to poor libido in penile and testicular tissues of rats.

For the study, the researchers tested water extracts of scent leaf on penile and testicular tissues of rats under laboratory conditions and said it has similar effect to sildenafil, a conventional sex-enhancing drug, although with a less effectiveness.

They declared that scent leaves work by boosting smooth muscle relaxation leading to penile erection. In addition, its chemical constituents are, also scavengers for free radicals in the body. Free radicals are involved in the development of several disorders including erectile dysfunction.

This 2019 study involved researchers at the Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti in conjunction with others at the University of Kwazulu-Natal in South Africa. It was published in the BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine journal.

Scent leaf is thought to originate from Asia and Africa. In Nigeria and other parts of the world, it is used as a traditional vegetable condiment and oral care products.

Previously in a study, rats fed with scent leaf supplemented diet over a six months period experienced an increased number of spermatozoa, suggesting its capacity to enhance reproductive ability.

Also, another study revealed that extract of scent leaf significantly increased the sexual behaviours of normal male albino mice in a dose-dependent ratio, without causing an ulcer or adverse effects of conventional sex-enhancing drugs like nasal congestion, headache and visual aberrations.

Moreover, a healthy blood flow can do wonders for a man’s libido by increasing circulation to the sexual organs. Foods that increase circulation include garlic, chilli peppers, African black pepper and ginger. They contain allicin, which dilates blood vessels and thins the blood.

In certain parts of Eastern Nigeria, men would usually request “ofe-n’gwere” (emergency soup), which contain spices like African black pepper in the night to get charged or induce sexual desire. Thus, the inclusion of African black pepper in the diet may help prevent poor erection and low libido.

Some studies show that nutmeg is one spice that has the ability to increase a person’s sexual desire. It awakens the senses and the brain clamours for something pleasurable such as sex.

Researchers in the 2005 edition of the BMC Complement Alternative Medicine said the resultant significant and sustained increase in the sexual activity of male rats, without any conspicuous adverse effects and toxicity, suggests that nutmeg possesses clinically applicable aphrodisiac activity, and also lends support to the claims for its traditional usage as sexual function-enhancing medicine.

Furthermore, another 2008 study of the School of Pharmacy and Technology Management, NMIMS University, of Mumbai at Ethnopharmacology revealed that the extract is safe and thus provides a scientific rationale for the traditional use of nutmeg in the management of male sexual disorders.

Even in ancient times, the spice is well known for its ability to increase erotic sensation in both men and women. It works its magic by mimicking the effects of the popular feel-good hormone, serotonin, hence playing a crucial role in setting the mood right.

Capsaicin, the spicy chemical that gives hot peppers their eye-watering kick, has been linked with improved vascular health and increased testosterone in men, both of which could indirectly improve sex drive and function.

Also, several studies have linked a variety of African ginger to improved sexual function and desire in men. One of these studies, published in 2010, concluded that ginger might activate a family of enzymes—known collectively as nitric oxide synthase—that support sexual function. Another study from South Africa also linked ginger to increased arousal and sexual stimulation in rats.

So, to keep a high libido, gravitating towards spicy foods to ensure higher levels of testosterone is the way to go.

Why eating pepper soup can boost libido
Tribune Online

]]>
206559
Why zobo, ginger are good for weight control —Scientists https://tribuneonlineng.com/204925/ Thu, 18 Apr 2019 02:20:50 +0000 https://tribuneonlineng.com/?p=204925 Tribune Online
Why zobo, ginger are good for weight control —Scientists

zobo

Obesity is a major public health problem associated with an increased incidence of diseases like type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, liver disease and certain types of cancer. Several approaches have been made towards combating obesity, which include the lifestyle changes, exercising to induce weight loss and reducing fat accumulation and dietary approaches […]

Why zobo, ginger are good for weight control —Scientists
Tribune Online

]]>
Tribune Online
Why zobo, ginger are good for weight control —Scientists

zobo

Obesity is a major public health problem associated with an increased incidence of diseases like type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, liver disease and certain types of cancer.

Several approaches have been made towards combating obesity, which include the lifestyle changes, exercising to induce weight loss and reducing fat accumulation and dietary approaches like the caloric restriction that have no long-lasting effect.

Now, researchers are considering edible plants such as zobo and onions to combat obesity and its related diseases. Studies on zobo, ginger and onion showed that they contain chemical substances that are potent materials for treatment of obesity.

In new the study, researchers said modulation of certain strains of “good” friendly germs in the intestine as a result of onion supplementation has a therapeutic effect on obesity in mice.

The human body contains trillions of bacteria. The majority of these bacteria are located in a part of the intestines called the cecum. Bacteria in the intestine play several important roles in health, such as communicating with the immune system and producing certain vitamins.

The bacteria in the intestine can also affect how different foods are digested and produce chemicals that help make feel full. As a result, they can affect weight.

For example, humans cannot digest fibre but certain bacteria inside the intestine can. By digesting fibre, these gut bacteria produce a number of chemicals that benefit gut health and possibly promote weight loss.

A number of studies have shown that people with high fibre intake have a lower weight, which may be due to the role that gut bacteria play in digesting fibre.

A recent study found that the ratio of two types of bacteria in the intestines may determine how much weight is lost when given a particular diet.

These two bacteria are Prevotella, which digests fibre and carbohydrates, and Bacteroidetes, which people who eat more animal protein and fat have more of.

In 2019, Italian researchers in an overview of the studies focusing on potential benefits of onion in the treatment of obesity and related co-morbidities stated that onion enriched food might play an important role in the development of healthier foods useful against obesity.

According to the journal, Molecules, some studies showed that concentrated extract of onion can suppress fat accumulation or deposit, obesity-induced inflammation, increase energy expenditure in response to caloric excess, and significantly prevent an increase in cholesterol induced by a high-fat diet.

They added that quercetin and organosulfur compounds seems to be the compounds responsible for the anti-obesity potential of onion and so the most promising molecules for a therapeutic application.

Moreover, another study indicates the beneficial effects of ginger on the prevention of obesity through modulation of friendly bacteria in the intestine of mice.

In 2019 edition of European Journal of Nutrition, researchers in China observed marked decreases in body weight, liver fat, and low-grade inflammation as well as ameliorate insulin resistance in the mice high-fat diet that was treated with ginger.

They declared, “This study suggests that modulation of the gut microbiota as a result of ginger supplementation has a therapeutic effect on obesity in mice.”

Ginger, one of the most commonly used spices and dietary supplements, has been shown to exert beneficial effects against obesity and related disorders.

Similarly, researchers in 2019 edition of Molecules examined the effects of zobo on various parameters associated with the development of obesity such as body weight, fat accumulation in adipose tissue and blood cholesterol level.

Zobo also known as Roselle has a long history of usage as a beverage and folk medicine in places such as Thailand and, Nigeria, China, and India.

They said that zobo contain substances that are potent in the treatment of obesity with an evident reduction in body weight, inhibition of lipid accumulation and suppression of fat deposit.

Meanwhile, a number of different foods are good for gut bacteria, including whole grains that have not been refined. They are high in fibre, which is digested by healthy gut bacteria like Bifidobacteria and may aid weight loss.

Also Fruits and vegetables, as well as nuts and seeds, also contain many different fibres that are good for gut bacteria. Eating an assortment of plant-based foods, including nuts and seeds can improve gut bacteria diversity, which is linked to a healthy weight.

Why zobo, ginger are good for weight control —Scientists
Tribune Online

]]>
204925
Why bitter leaf, scent leaf improve diabetes medication effectiveness —Experts https://tribuneonlineng.com/199039/ Thu, 28 Mar 2019 08:42:56 +0000 https://tribuneonlineng.com/?p=199039 Tribune Online
Why bitter leaf, scent leaf improve diabetes medication effectiveness —Experts

diabetes medication

One discovery being backed by science is that bitter leaf and scent leaf combined with normal routine diabetes medications drastically reduce sugar levels in people with diabetes. In a new study, researchers found that the combination of these extracts with normal routine medications had better sugar level control when compared with only routine medication usage. […]

Why bitter leaf, scent leaf improve diabetes medication effectiveness —Experts
Tribune Online

]]>
Tribune Online
Why bitter leaf, scent leaf improve diabetes medication effectiveness —Experts

diabetes medication

One discovery being backed by science is that bitter leaf and scent leaf combined with normal routine diabetes medications drastically reduce sugar levels in people with diabetes.

In a new study, researchers found that the combination of these extracts with normal routine medications had better sugar level control when compared with only routine medication usage. Aside this, the use of two herbs also seemed to mitigate some symptoms of diabetes.

The study indicated that patients on both bitter leaf and scent leaf extracts had better blood sugar control when compared with those that had only one extract administered or those that served as controls and didn’t receive the extracts.

For the study, a total of 38 diabetic patients were enrolled within the Rumuepirikom community in Obio Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State for the study done over a four-week duration

Disease duration in each patient was roughly estimated from the time the disease was clinically diagnosed by medical personnel and all the patients had some basic investigations carried out before the commencement of the study.

Each patient was assigned to one of six groups based on age of onset of the disease, disease duration in the individual and the severity of the disease in the patient.

Certificate of Return: Okorocha is on his own ― APC

Their daily fasting blood sugar levels were monitored and extracts of both leaves daily obtained naturally by water extraction were administered to them accordingly.

Some groups had the extracts administered alone; some had the extracts given alongside their routine anti-diabetic medication while some served as control.

The 2018 study, published in the International Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Processes, involved Udeh Winifred and Mene Alexander at the University of Port Harcourt.

The study showed that patients on both Bitter leaf and scent leaf extracts combined had better  blood sugar control when compared with those that had only one extract administered solely or those that served as control and didn’t receive the extracts at all.

Patients that received doses of single extracts alone also had better controlled sugar level results than those who did not receive extracts at all. Also, patients who took the extracts alongside their routine medication had better sugar level control than those who took their medications alone without the extracts.

Bitter leaf is one of the most widely consumed leaf vegetables. The leaves, with a sweet and bitter taste, are sold fresh or dried, and are a typical ingredient in melon soup.

Bitter leaf is well known as a medicinal plant with several uses attributed to it, including treatment for diabetes, fever reduction, and recently a non-pharmaceutical solution to persistent fever, headache and joint pain associated with AIDS. Its roots have been used for relief from gingivitis and toothache due to its proven antimicrobial activity.

Scent leaf, locally called daidoya in Hausa, Efinrin in Yoruba and  Ntonng in Ibibio has a range of culinary and medicinal applications including the treatment of stomach ache, diarrhoea, chronic dysentery and vomiting. Its squeezed leaves are applied on the skin for treating skin diseases and ringworm.

Diabetes is a widespread disorder affecting the blood sugar and insulin levels in the body. Managing the long-term consequences and complications of diabetes is as much of a challenge as the disease itself.

There are two main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is where the pancreas produces no insulin. Type 2 diabetes is more common. With type 2, the body either does not produce enough insulin or produces insulin that the body does not use properly.

There are many treatment options for people with type 2 diabetes. Growing research, however, suggests that some herbs and supplements could be combined with more traditional methods to find relief from many type 2 diabetes symptoms.

In fact, because certain herbs, vitamins and supplements may interact with diabetes medications (including insulin) and increase their hypoglycemic effects, it is often argued that use of natural therapies could reduce blood sugars to dangerously low levels and raise the risk of other diabetes complications.

Moreover, plant-based therapies that have been shown in some studies to have anti-diabetic properties include aloe vera, bitter melon, ginger and okra.

Preliminary research suggests that intake of aloe vera juice can help improve blood glucose levels and may therefore be useful in treating people with diabetes.

Researchers from the University of Sydney, Australia, found that extracts from Buderim Ginger (Australian grown ginger) rich in gingerols – the major active component of ginger rhizome – can increase uptake of glucose into muscle cells without using insulin, and may therefore assist in the management of high blood sugar levels.

Why bitter leaf, scent leaf improve diabetes medication effectiveness —Experts
Tribune Online

]]>
199039